Most of the IoT Implementations today uses REST over HTTP based connectivity from the client to the Server. REST has its own limitation that pops in while your solution scales up to the larger number of devices and more number of translations per second. MQTT, the lightweight protocol based on publish subscribe model designed exclusively for IoT has its advantage over REST in all dimensions. Bevywise MQTT Broker is the perfect middleware for secure mqtt cloud deployment. This blog compares MQTT vs REST to help you finalize your communication protocol.
Instant Response – Need of the hour
REST is a multi-functional architecture that comes up with good flexibility & scalability with low maintenance costs. But the major disadvantage is latency in request processing time and bandwidth usage. This is because, REST is a one-way connection. The connection to the server is intermittent. The client connects to the server when needed to push data from the client and pulls the data down to the client. The server needs to wait for the clients to connect to send the data that is intended for the client. Hence, this makes the user intended action to wait for the client connection. Most solution providers allow their edge server or their gateways to connect every 1 minute or higher so that the server is not loaded.
Take an example of an activating a light from a mobile app. The message from the mobile will hit the server instantly. But the message from the server to the client needs to wait for the time client to connect.
MQTT allows the client to be connected always providing a two way communication between the client and the server. This allows server to push the message to the edge device making the device respond to your command instantly as expected by Customers.
When directly compared MQTT vs REST for the same data transfer, MQTT consumes 20% lesser power. But, In the case of the REST, most energy is lost on the resources used on connecting and disconnection and resource cleanup on both the server and the client. So when you build a battery operated remote device, MQTT helps you with longer battery life than REST.
Highly Secure IoT Device Deployments
Most of the devices today are deployed behind the firewall for security reasons. One of the limitations of the REST is that the server can no way communicate from the server to the client on demand. Even if we put a REST Server on the client devices and try to make connections form the server, it will fail when devices are installed behind the firewall. But MQTT inherently solves this problem of two-way communication with persistent connections.
MQTT vs REST Performance
MQTT is always-connected against the intermittent REST Calls. Due to the permanent connection, the need to connect and disconnect for every data transfer is not required. The keep-alive ping has a much lesser overhead compared to the reconnection connection calls the REST makes. As per the analysis and test reports, MQTT data transfer can transfer data at a rate 20 to 25 times faster than REST Calls.
The number of message transaction highly depends on the number of connections the server can accept in the stipulated time. The number of concurrent connections that the fastest available web server today will be in the order of 1000s per second. This restricts the data transfer in sequence. MQTT Broker can process up to 40,000 messages per second on a commodity server. The number of parallel connections the broker can hold can again be tweaked based on the hardware. A simple commodity server can hold up to 50,000 connections in parallel.
The key features that make MQTT worth than REST is its error handling functionality, flexibility & scalability. Significantly, An improved error handling provides a more readable information about the error that provides reasons for disconnection. MQTT 5 protocol specification supports an absolute error handling which is favourable for diagnosis to know what actually happened. In addition, MQTT 5 supports perfect load balancing and facile message processing. The major function of this feature packed protocol is that it caters enhancement for scalability & large scale industrial deployments.
In a clear advantage, MQTT wins the MQTT vs REST choice for the IoT Implementation. To know more on MQTT & its package structure, check MQTT developer guide. Try MQTTRoute the fastest MQTT Broker available today. MQTTRoute also provides MQTT REST API to help you control & manage edge devices. It supports a extensive set of REST API which can be used to control the devices from any external application. To know about the REST API calls that Bevywise MQTT Broker supports navigate to the MQTT Broker API.
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